CETRA video lectures by Michael Cronin (2004): “Dante’s Towering Inferno: The Translational Politics of Immigration”, “Double Take: Figuring the Other and the Growing Pains of Empire” and “Microcosmopolitan Perspectives on Translation”

On the occasion of its 30th anniversary in the summer of 2018, the KU Leuven Centre for Translation Studies has been, so to speak, browsing its family albums. One of its particularly interesting chapters consists of the recorded lectures by the Chair Professors of our Research Summer School in Translation Studies. We admit that the technological quality of some of these videos is not as good as we would like it to be, but we believe this is generously compensated by the quality of the lectures in question. We are therefore happy to be able to share our collection of recorded CETRA lectures on this blog. We will do this gradually, to prevent indigestion, and in chronological order. An overview of the already published video lectures can be found on this blog page

Today, we would like to invite you to revisit the lectures “Dante’s Towering Inferno: The Translational Politics of Immigration”, “Double Take: Figuring the Other and the Growing Pains of Empire” and “Microcosmopolitan Perspectives on Translation”, held by Michael Cronin, CETRA Chair Professor of 2004, in September 2004.

2019 CETRA Summer School: Call for Participants



19-30 AUGUST 2019

Jemina-NapierThe CETRA Board has appointed JEMINA NAPIER (HERIOT WATT UNIVERSITY, EDINBURGH, UK) as CETRA Chair Professor 2019.

Prof. Napier’s bio note and publication list can be found here.

More information about the application procedure and the scholarships can be found below.

In 1989 José Lambert created a special research program in Translation Studies at the University of Leuven in order to promote research training in the study of translational phenomena and to stimulate high-level research into the cultural functions of translation. Since then, this unique program has attracted talented PhD students, postdocs and young scholars who spend two weeks of research under the supervision of a team of prominent scholars as well as of the supervision of the Chair Professor, an annually appointed expert in the field of Translation Studies. From 1989 on, the program has hosted participants from Austria to Australia, from Brazil to Burundi, and from China to the Czech Republic. As an illustration of the multi-campus model of CETRA, the 2019 edition of the Summer School will be organized at the Antwerp campus of the KU Leuven, in the city center of Antwerp.

The list of CETRA professors may serve as an illustration of the program’s openness to the different currents in the international world of Translation Studies. Testimonials of our Summer School participants can be found on this blog page.

Basic activities and components of the Research Summer School:

  • Public Lectures by the CETRA Professor on key topics. A preliminary reading list will be provided and all topics are to be further developed in discussions
  • Theoretical-methodological seminars given by the CETRA staff. Basic reading materials will be made available in advance
  • Tutorials: individual discussions on participants’ research with the CETRA Professor and the CETRA staff
  • Workshops in small groups according to topic or methodology
  • Students’ papers: presentation of participants’ individual research projects followed by open discussion
  • Publication: each participant is invited to submit an article based on the presentation, to be refereed and published in an edited volume

Here you can find our Translation Studies basic bibliography.

The provisional programme has been made available on this blog page.

Summer School staff

Pieter Boulogne, Elke Brems, Dirk Delabastita, Isabelle Delaere, Lieven D’hulst, Dilek Dizdar, Daniel Gile, Demi Krystallidou, Haidee Kruger, Reine Meylaerts, Franz Pöchhacker, Sara Ramos Pinto, Aline Remael, Heidi Salaets, Christina Schäffner, Leo Tak-hung Chan and Luc van Doorslaer

We sincerely thank our partners for their contributions to the 2019 Summer School.


Application in two rounds

Participation in the CETRA Research Summer School is limited to a maximum of 25 students (KU Leuven PhD students not included). The Board welcomes PhD students and postdoctoral researchers, but also scholars and professionals who are actively interested or involved in research in Translation and Interpreting Studies are invited to apply.

Since in some cases participants may need extra time for visa application and application for funding, the application procedure consists of two different rounds with separate deadlines.

First Round (for early birds)
Application deadline: 4 March 2019
Notification of acceptance: 15 March 2019

Second Round
Application deadline: 2 May 2019
Notification of acceptance: 10 May 2019

Students applying for the Summer School are required to send a motivation letter and a recent curriculum vitae to Steven Dewallens. In addition, they have to fill in the relevant online application form:

Based on this information, the CETRA Board will evaluate all applications, both for the first and the second round.

Accepted students will be required to send a copy of their ID/Visa, a photograph and a short bio note (200-300 words) to Steven Dewallens.


The total enrolment fee is € 1250. This sum includes the following: participation in the workshops, seminars and lectures; individual tutorials with the staff members whose expertise is relevant to your topic; warm lunches offered on campus during week days; two shared dinners in a restaurant; registration as KU Leuven visiting scholar, with access to library and computer facilities and insurance. The fee does not cover travel expenses and housing.

CETRA has applied for funding from the Flemish government’s YouReCa scheme (Young Researchers’ Careers). Thanks to this subsidy, PhD students and postdoctoral researchers affiliated with Flemish universities are be able to participate at the reduced rate of € 600.

The payment of the fee is due upon written notification that the application has been accepted.


CETRA is sponsoring 4 scholarships of € 400 to registered participants of the CETRA 2019 Research Summer School. Applicants must fulfil the following requirements to be eligible for the scholarship:

  • having specific financial needs;
  • having been accepted by the CETRA Board (see above);
  • having paid the advance of € 400;
  • submitting a motivation letter to the administrative coordinator of CETRA, Steven Dewallens (deadline: 17 May 2019). When writing this letter, applicants should keep in mind that the CETRA board will base its decision not only on their personal circumstances but also on the overall merit and potential impact of their research project. Please note that participants affiliated with Flemish universities cannot apply for these scholarships.

Payment policy

An advance of € 400 has to be paid by 17 May 2019. No exceptions are allowed. If the advance is not paid by 17 May, your place will be offered to candidates on the standby list. The remaining € 850 has to be paid before 20 June 2019.

Payment can be made:

1. by bank transfer to

KBC Bank
Brusselsesteenweg 100
3000 Leuven

For international payments please make use of the international IBAN code for fast payment: BE09 4320 0000 1157


KU Leuven
Krakenstraat 3
3000 Leuven

Please mention the following structured communication 400/0017/33309 first name + last name

Note: Please send a copy of the bank transfer to Steven Dewallens.

2. by credit card

Please follow this link (click in the right corner for the English version; please fill in your name below ‘optional information’).

Cancellation of participation

Cancellations must be sent via e-mail to Steven Dewallens.

  • For cancellations made before 5 July, an administrative cost of € 200 will be withheld from the refund.
  • 75% cancellation fee charged for cancellations made between 5 July and 12 August.
  • All refunds will be made after the Summer School.
  • For cancellations after 12 August no refunds can be made.

Accommodation and travel info

Venue of the Summer School: KU Leuven campus Antwerp, Sint-Andriesstraat 2, 2000 Antwerp. For travel info please click here.

The Antwerp campus of KU Leuven is located in the old town centre of Antwerp, near the “Nationalestraat” and the “Groenplaats” and close to the “Grote Markt”. The main railway station “Antwerpen Centraal” is just a 20 to 25 minutes’ walk away.

For more information about the city of Antwerp, please visit the following website: www.visitantwerpen.be.

For student accommodation, we collaborate with the Institute for Tropical Medicine, which has ten single rooms available for us in the Karibu building (less than half a mile from the campus): see the  brochure. The prices are listed under ‘others’ (week: € 195 to € 205; plus € 150  administration cost). For information and booking: see contact details of Patricia Braat in the brochure. Please mention ‘CETRA Summer School KU Leuven’.

There are two nice studios available at the Thomas More campus, both with two single beds and a kitchen. They can be booked for single or for double use. Price per day: 30 € per night. Booked on first-come first-served basis. For information and booking: contact Steven Dewallens.

Besides student accommodation, there are several hotels and B&B’s available in the centre of Anwerp, including:
Hilton (http://www3.hilton.com/en/hotels/belgium/hilton-antwerp-old-town-ANRHITW/about/index.html)
Elzenveld (http://www.elzenveld.be/en/hotel)
Theater Hotel (https://www.theater-hotel.be/).
Most hotels and B&B’s can be booked online on websites such as Booking.com or the website of the Antwerp Hotel Association: www.antwerphotelassociation.be.

For those who prefer budget accommodation, there is also a youth hostel very close to the campus (less than 5 minutes’ walk): Pulcinella, Bogaardeplein 1:

Accommodation is not organized through CETRA, but by the participants themselves.


Feel free to address any questions about the programme to Pieter Boulogne, the director of CETRA. For administrative questions please contact Steven Dewallens, the administrative coordinator of CETRA.



“Olha in CETRA-land”: a testimonial by one of our Summer School alumni

We’ve just received another testimonial by one of our alumni. It was entitled “Olha in CETRA-land”:

Lehka-Paul_Olha - CopyOlha Lehka-Paul, PhD, Faculty of English, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

Olha is a CETRA alumna of 2016. She defended her PhD thesis “The role of the translator’s personality in the process of self-revision”, under the supervision of  Professor Bogusława Whyatt, with distinction in October 2018 at the Faculty of English of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland.

“Thursday, August 25th, 2016: “I had the time of my life. Really. It was fascinating. Fantastic. Unforgettable. Andrew Chesterman was reading his (and not only his) limericks and clerihews (yes, “clerihews” that later became modified and known as “andrihews”), which were met with applause and appreciation from the public. I was sitting right opposite the historical figure in TS, one of its founding fathers, Jose Lambert. We were drinking wine and he was telling us stories about the 70s and 80s when they were struggling for CETRA and TS to develop. About James Holmes and his vision of TS. About Gideon Toury and his strong will. About tennis and the CERA SA Bank. If it hadn’t been for all of this, we wouldn’t have CETRA (and perhaps even TS – who knows?). This is amazing. Alice in Wonderland (read: “CETRAland”). This is how I feel now. Just can’t believe that all the people from the textbooks are now alive in front of me, speaking to me, having wine and chatting. Incredible. Lewis Caroll would be proud. (…)” These are only a few lines from my 35-page long CETRA diary from 2016 Research Summer School. The diary filled with my lecture notes, reflections, ideas, reactions, tips from CETRA professors, and lots of precious memories. That summer was indeed special. Special in terms of both my personal and academic growth. Never before had I felt so immersed in research, so inspired to continue my PhD journey, and so happy to be surrounded by all those amazingly like-minded people from different countries and different research sub-fields.

The School made me realise a few important things. First, the understanding of my own PhD project grew with each tutorial – having to explain and discuss my project with the CETRA staff involved in-depth analysis of what I actually wanted to do, the steps I planned to take, and the outcomes that I sought to achieve. Second, I learnt how important it is to share knowledge and ideas – especially with people who know very little or nothing about our areas of expertise. They can sometimes notice and offer much more than we can expect from them. Third, I realised that being an expert does not necessarily mean knowing everything. Perhaps, it means quite the opposite – being aware of the gaps in our knowledge and willing to fill them in, being eager to learn from mistakes and take charge of any potential outcomes, and being ready to share our experience (both positive and negative) with others. And last but not least, CETRA unites people – where else would one be able to make friends with people from different countries and continents, with both students and professors? CETRA community is composed of so many different people – in terms of age, status, background, area of expertise – that this difference brings them together. In a nutshell, I strongly recommend that everyone who genuinely cares about research in Translation Studies, regardless of how far they have gone with their PhD project, should visit the CETRAland! The advantage is such that (unlike it was in the famous story) as long as you visit it, you will stay in it forever.”

Olha submitted her testimonial in December 2018. You can read more testimonials by our research summer school alumni on this blog page

Mission Statement 2019-2023

Looking forward to the next four years, CETRA has just renewed its Mission Statement. Here it is:

Building on its 30-year-old tradition CETRA – Centre for Translation Studies, driven by the research unit Translation Studies of the KU Leuven Faculty of Arts, wants to move forward as a diversified collective of internationally recognized experts, including scholars from outside Europe, who share the ambition not only to follow but also to steer current developments and trends in Translation Studies.

Advocating an open notion of “translation” (e.g., textual transfer practices such as interpreting, adaptation, localization, rewriting, etc.), CETRA wants to expand the field of Translation Studies and embrace recent methodologies (e.g., digital humanities) in order to strengthen its intrinsic intellectual vitality as well as its relevance for the humanities and for society.

In more specific terms, CETRA wants to focus on research training, primarily by organising a yearly intensive and interactive state-of-the-art research summer school. Its participants include PhD students as well as postdoctoral students, representing a wide range of disciplinary and geographical backgrounds. Participation in the summer school should help them shape and refine their research projects, and also empower them to engage in international scholarly debates about translation under all its aspects. In addition, it should advance the careers of the participants both within and outside academia, as well as offering personal enrichment.

Working together with partner institutes and centres, CETRA aims to organise a regular programme of lectures, to be made widely accessible to all interested scholars and students.

CETRA wants to continue playing a leading role in international debates about the future of PhD programmes and research education more generally, in a conscious effort to respond to the continuously changing scientific, professional and societal needs.

By (co-)organising and promoting conferences and symposia, and by developing a new book series in Translation Studies, CETRA wants to serve as a platform for scholars to discuss cutting-edge issues in the field, thus building synergy between researchers from different backgrounds and traditions.

CETRA wants to widen the intellectual horizon of Translation Studies through debate and discussion by hosting visiting scholars for short or long stays and by collaborating with relevant research centres.


Call for Papers: InDialog 3/ENPSIT

“ENPSIT is delighted to announce that the international InDialog Conference series will be continuing under its auspices from 2019. InDialog 3 will be held in Antwerp on 21-22 November 2019 and hosted jointly by the University of Antwerp and KU Leuven Antwerp campus.

Theme: Interpreter Practice, Research and Training: the Impact of Context

Continuing the initiative of the past two conferences in the series, InDialog 3 will deal with dialogue interpreting in its many forms. The conference focuses on the impact of different contexts on the way dialogue interpreting unfolds in practice and how this phenomenon is being researched and addressed in (higher) education and training.

Context is to be understood in a broad sense. Not only does it refer to those dialogue interpreting contexts that may be perceived as the usual contexts, such as institutional health care, legal interpreting and the diverse contexts of public service interpreting more generally. ENPSIT particularly wishes to invite contributions examining dialogue interpreting in other contexts such as conflict situationsrefugee camps, war zones and various other ad hoc interpreting settings. A further aspect will be the potential impact of unusual circumstances on so-called normal working settings and conditions in today’s globalized society. Interpreters are required to deal with the unexpected and to cope with a range of challenges as a matter of course. InDialog 3 will provide a forum to examine how we are dealing with these challenges as practitioners, researchers and trainers. ”

For more information, please visit the InDialog 3 website.

A testimonial from one of the “oldest” participants of the CETRA summer school: Yves Gambier

Yves Gambier, Professor Emeritus in Translation Studies, University of Turku, Finland

Until his well-earned retirement in the summer of 2018, Yves was a member of the international staff of CETRA.  

Beijing_avril2017“I was invited to participate [as a CETRA Chair Professor] in the summer school in 1997, then held in Misano Adriatico (Italy), along the sea. I attended 22 times the school. I learnt a lot about the research process when you start a project, about representations of research and researchers by young PhD students, about the role of interactions in the development of our thinking, about questioning our questions, our assumptions and concepts too often taken for granted. I really appreciated every year the informal and still working atmosphere. Students were coming from quite a number of universities, with different backgrounds and expectations, with also different perceptions about scholars, teachers. I always enjoyed the dynamics of the school, wherever we were – in Misano, Leuven or Antwerp. I thank very warmly all the PhD students and colleagues for their kindness and wisdom. And wish all my best for the future of the school.”

Yves submitted his testimonial in November 2018. Here, you can read testimonials by our alumni. 

CETRA Chair Professor 2019 announced

Jemina-NapierIt is our pleasure to announce that the next CETRA Chair Professor is chosen. Professor Jemina Napier of Heriot-Watt University will be the CETRA Chair Professor of our 2019 Research Summer School in Translation Studies.

Prof. Napier’s research interests and expertise focus around three strands of intercultural communication: (1) language and communication in the context of interpreter-mediated communication – primarily with signed language interpreters and the Deaf community. Adopting sociolinguistic, discourse analytic and sociological explorations of signed language interpretation in context (particularly education, legal and medical) to inform the wider field of interpreting studies, applied linguistics and intercultural communication; (2) how deaf adults actually use signed language to communicate in their lives in terms of bilingualism, language contact and identity; and (3) translation and interpreting pedagogy, using action research to explore aspects of distance education, blended learning, curriculum innovation and discourse-based teaching practices. She has taught, researched and published in all of these areas.

More information about Prof. Napier can be found here.

This summer school will take place at KU Leuven, Belgium, from 19 to 30 August 2019. Detailed information about the exact place, the application procedure, the scholarships, the programme and the venue of our research summer school in Translation Studies will be available on this CETRA blog and on the CETRA website in due time.

CERES and CETRA invite you to a Fall Lecture by Denise Merkle: “Traduire le plurilinguisme littéraire au Canada”

CERES, the KU Leuven Centre for Reception Studies, and CETRA, the KU Leuven Centre for Translation Studies, warmly invite you to attend a lecture by Denise Merkle (Université de Moncton) on (self-)translation of multilingualism in Canadian literature.

This lecture will be held on Wednesday 17 October 2018, from 14:00 to 15:30, in French (with simultaneous interpretation into Dutch). It will take place at our campus in Brussels: Auditorium 6306, Hermesgebouw, Stormstraat 2. Free entrance. Please register by sending an email to cetra@kuleuven.be.

[Dutch below]

1449606071343Traduire le plurilinguisme littéraire au Canada : l’(auto-)traduction dans Petites difficultés d’existence de France Daigle, La Trahison de Laurier Gareau, Kiss of the Fur Queen de Tomson Highway

L’hybridité était perçue sous une lumière défavorable jusqu’à relativement récemment quand des chercheurs postcoloniaux ont réévalué la présence de l’hybridité et de plurilinguisme dans les soi-disant monocultures, et les rôles qu’ils y jouent. L’état-nation considérait sa langue, sa culture et sa nation comme indissociables, malgré l’existence patente de plurilinguisme et de pluriculturalisme, écartés comme étant impurs. Il est aujourd’hui généralement admis que la pure unicité relève du mythe, les cultures étant de nature plutôt plurilingue et hybride du fait d’avoir évolué depuis des siècles et des millénaires. Pourtant, les approches traditionnelles de la traductologie, dont la recherche de l’équivalence, sont ancrées dans le modèle de « une langue, une culture, une nation » (Meylaerts, 2010). Ce sont effectivement des traductologues, dont Sherry Simon (2011), qui ont remis en question ce modèle pendant les dernières décennies du xxe siècle, dans le cadre de leurs études sur le phénomène des langues et cultures en contact dans les contextes postcoloniaux. Dans cette conférence, nous examinerons des définitions de plurilinguisme, pluriculturalisme et hybridité, ainsi que des stratégies d’(auto-) traduction retrouvées dans quelques textes littéraires canadiens plurilingues, Petites difficultés d’existence de France Daigle, La Trahison de Laurier Gareau, Kiss of the Fur Queen de Tomson Highway. Afin de saisir les enjeux du plurilinguisme, du pluriculturalisme et de l’hybridité dans ces textes, il nous faudra d’abord les situer dans leur contexte sociolinguistique respectif.

Meertaligheid in Canadese literatuur in vertaling: (zelf-)vertaling in Petites difficultés d’existence van France Daigle, La Trahison van Laurier Gareau, Kiss of the Fur Queen van Tomson Highway. 

Nog niet zo lang geleden stond hybriditeit in een slecht daglicht, tot onderzoekers uit de Post-Colonial Studies de aanwezigheid van mengvormen en meertaligheid in de zogenaamde monoculturen revalueerden, tezamen met de functies die zij daarin vervullen. De natiestaat beschouwde zijn taal, cultuur en natie als onlosmakelijk met elkaar verbonden – ondanks de onmiskenbare aanwezigheid van meertaligheid en multiculturalisme, die weggezet werden als onrein. Tegenwoordig wordt algemeen aangenomen dat een zuivere eenheid tot de sfeer van de mythes behoort, dat culturen als gevolg van hun eeuwen- en zelfs millenialange ontwikkeling eerder een meertalige en hybride natuur hebben. Niettemin blijven de traditionele benaderingen van de ‘traductologie’, waaronder het equivalentie-onderzoek, verankerd in het “één taal, één cultuur, één natie”-model (Meylaerts 2010). Tijdens de laatste decennia van de 20ste eeuw hebben vertaalwetenschappers als Sherry Simon (2011), in het kader van hun onderzoek naar talen en culturen in postkoloniale contexten, dit model in vraag gesteld.

In deze lezing staat Denise Merkle stil bij de definities meertaligheid, multiculturalisme en hybriditeit, en onderzoekt ze de strategieën die gehanteerd werden bij de (zelf-)vertaling van drie meertalige Canadese literaire teksten: Petites difficultés d’existence van France Daigle, La Trahison van Laurier Gareau, en Kiss of the Fur Queen van Tomson Highway. Om de inzet van de meertaligheid, het multiculturalisme en de hybriditeit in deze teksten te vatten, is het noodzakelijk om eerst hun sociolinguïstische contexten toe te lichten.


“An alternative history of the Summer School’s first years” A speech by Clem Robyns, Participant of the 1st Summer School in 1989

Clem Robyns Brussel

On August 27, CETRA opened its 30th research summer school in Translation Studies. On the occasion of this anniversary edition, the floor was given to Clem Robyns, a participant of the very first Summer School in 1989. Below, you can read his alternative history of the Summer School’s first years. 

“Good afternoon and thank you, Luk, for inviting me. It’s really nice of you  to give the last word to a dropout… When I was walking to this building, I felt like a walking time capsule: “hey, it’s been thirty years, let’s dig up Clem and see what’s inside!” Indeed I quit translation studies more than twenty years ago to start working in television (memo to this year’s participants: this is what will happen to you if ou don’t finish your PhD), but my heart has always remained with Cetra, and it’s great to be here. One of the things that make Cetra stand out indeed, is that it hasn’t only inspired innovation, it has also inspired deep loyalty. Many people here were with us from the start: Reine Meylaerts, Dirk Delabastita, Lieven D’hulst… Daniel Gile, almost from the start, and José Lambert of course, the man who conceived of the whole thing.

The history of Cetra actually begins more than 30 years ago, in 1987, with something called the Penn Leuven Institute for Literary and Cultural studies. When I look back at that time, it looks like, and probably was, another world. Belgium didn’t have commercial television yet, Ronald Reagan was the president of the United States (and we thought THAT was pretty bad), and there was still a wall in Berlin. More to the point, there were hundreds of Berlin walls between scholarly disciplines, institutions and even individuals. When I started as an undergraduate at the Faculty of Arts at Leuven University, one of my professors even described his institute as a large conglomerate of one-person companies, that all manufactured and sold their own scholarly product. I soon learned that as a student you had to find out for yourself which products were up to date and which ones had a more, let’s say historical or local interest.

In that collection of one-person companies there was one professor who stood out, mainly because we could never find him. “Where’s Lambert?” was probably the question we asked most often. And Lambert would, infallibly, be abroad, giving lectures at other universities or at international conferences. But when he was at home base, he would tell us things that I later discovered were part of an emerging vision of translation and culture he was developing and promoting. We didn’t always understand what he was talking about, but we did know that it was exciting. Lambert, who became José, was an endlessly stimulating, sometimes exasperating presence, who more or less sucked us into science. Katrin Van Bragt, one of José’s first collaborators, once said to me: “José is a vampire”. I knew exactly what she meant by then.

So with his indomitable energy and his international contacts, José founded the Penn Leuven Institute for Literary and Cultural studies, a summer school in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first time my fellow students and I could meet the great names in the field.

The next year, the Penn Leuven Institute made another big step. In 1988, when computers still had black screens with green characters, and most people were just thinking of buying their first “personal computer”, the second session already focused on the use of computing in literary studies. It was indeed the year that Josés tendency to break barriers reached unprecedented heights. Halfway that session I discovered that a very amicable young American participant was actually… a dentist. So when I asked him how the hell he got there, his answer was, and I’m quoting quite literally: “I don’t know, I met José and he told me it would be interesting for me.”

And then, in 1989, at the occasion of the Third Penn Leuven Institute, José once again launched something new. Initially it was called the Cera Chair for Translation, Communication and Cultures – take note of the ambition that the title conveys. Why CeRA and not CeTRA? Cera was a large Belgian bank at the time, and José had convinced one of their top managers… well, that it would be interesting for them to give us their money. And they did. It did help, I must admit, that the manager was also one of José’s tennis partners.

I mention that last detail because later, when I talked to Gideon Toury about the way José managed to suck people into his projects, he interrupted me and said with a big smile: “I know I know, he plays tennis with them”. That was partially true, but I wish it had been that easy. José’s fight to get his chair established and funded was nothing less than heroic. Imagine conceiving something that on the one hand insists on a whole new approach to the study of translations, and on the other hand refuses to fit into a neatly established discipline precisely at a time when that discipline, translation studies, is trying hard to establish itself. Moreover, imagine conceiving an institute for the study of translations that refuses to fit into a neat local institutional framework, at a time when international frameworks don’t even exist yet. Imagine breaking those three boundaries, conceptual, disciplinary and institutional at the same time… and then trying to get money for it. But José did it, not by the force of his volley or his backhand, but by the force of his vision, and by being the most stubborn man in the field. Soon he got support from some of his colleagues who recognized a great idea when they heard one, and the Cera Chair happened.

By the time Penn Leuven became the Cera Chair I had started my PhD under José’s supervision, so I was not only a participant but also more or less the practical coordinator of the whole affair. That involved everything from finding rooms for participants and drawing up schedules to making lists of affordable Leuven restaurants and organizing parties. It was all a bit amateuristic, very Belgian really. We like to get organized as we go along.

And organization was necessary because the Cera Chair grew fast and as I said, there was no institutional framework then. I’ll tell you just one anecdote to give you an idea of how it was those first years. José Lambert was and probably is the scientific genius type who thrives in massive amounts of books and papers piled up on desks and chairs and floors, and who never, ever throws anything away. So after a couple of years we were drowning in paper and my colleague Peter Jansen and I took a drastic measure. We installed José in an empty seminar room, surrounded, locked in really, by tables. Peter and I carried ALL the piles of documents  to that room, dumped them on the tables, and made José go through everything and decide what he really, really needed to keep, and throw the rest on the floor. Only when he was knee-deep in paper, we released him.

But that’s just an anecdote. It was a risky endeavour and it could all have gone south, but it didn’t. The Cera Chair became Cetra, and Cetra has become a central institution in translation studies, probably because it was exactly what the young discipline needed: a place where young minds meet and clash with amazing minds.

For me, the first of those amazing minds is still the most amazing one, the inescapable Gideon Toury who became the very first chair professor. I was still discovering the field then, and the field was still discovering itself, but it was crystal clear that Gideon’s book In Search of a Theory of Translation was, in José’s words, a copernican revolution in the study of translations. Just meeting him was frightening, even if he was the gentlest man you could imagine. But as a scholar he was merciless. He could cut the grass from under your feet with one well-aimed sentence. I still remember exactly what he wrote 30 years ago on the draft of my first scholarly article, about translations of detective novels. “Parts one and two are ok, but too long. Part three is simply bad. Rewrite it or cut it altogether.” So  I cut part three altogether and was astonished to see the thing accepted for publication in Target. That is another feature of Cetra: a combination of being really demanding and offering genuine support.

But the Cera Chair wanted to be more. The second year already José invited Hans Vermeer as chair professor, a formidable scholar whose approach was emphatically NOT José’s and Gideon’s, and who actually was openly critical of the approach to translation that the Leuven – Tel Aviv axis promoted. A couple of years later the chair professor was Mary Snell-Hornby, another important scholar who had taken shots at our approach. This was typical: Leuven stood for something, but invited others into the lion’s den.

I said, it was a different age, and many translation scholars who were also translation teachers had little patience for people claiming that you have to study translational norms, and not propose them. We in descriptive translation studies on the other hand, didn’t always respect how much teaching can teach you about the behavior we claimed to study. I remember a young colleague saying that asking translators to practice translation studies is like asking tomatoes to practice biology.  And I remember a not unimportant international symposium in Amsterdam, that at some point became a shouting match between both camps. Here too, Cetra soon tried to tear down the wall. The fifth chair professor for instance was Daniel Gile, who rigorously combined translation studies and teaching, and who is still on the staff.

Most of all I remember, and I hope and trust this year’s participants will remember, Cetra as intensely exciting. Meeting people from whom you want to learn, meeting people of your own generation and find out how they think, being able to discuss your work with interested strangers, and maybe become friends with them. It’s something you hope to experience at an international conference but never get, because there by the third day you’re spread out in the lobby, knocked out by way too many lectures in way too little time. Cetra gives you all that and still leaves you some time to breathe.

Which is why, very early on, Cetra also became a community. I’d like to quote Daniel Gile: “Cetra has become a pathway to translation studies for several hundred young scholars, and the links that arose between alumni and instructors probably had a major role in giving cohesion to the translation studies community.” Thus, José’s stubborn dream became a reality. Cetra has indeed torn down many Berlin walls, and it continues to advocate the establishment of a post-disciplinary scholarly space.

So as a grateful dropout I wish you all a fun and fruitful Cetra session, one of many, many more to come. But I hope, and I know, that every session of Cetra will be… (I’m going to quote myself now, from the short preface I wrote a quarter of a century ago for the very first volume of papers by Cetra participants. It was called “Translation studies, the next generation”. I’m actually much more a Star Wars person, so I always regretted not having called it “Translation Studies, a new hope”…) Anyway, I know that every session of Cetra will be a tribute, and I quote, “to the one person who took the initiative, José Lambert, who never rests, never stops having six revolutionary ideas a day, and never gets tired of stimulating young people to become enthusiastic scholars, to boldly go where no one, or everyone, has gone before”. All of you, thank you for listening, and José, thank you for everything.”